List of UK native breeds at risk

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

United Kingdom Rural Development Programmes

Revised approved list of UK native breeds at risk

June 2014

 

Cattle – number of breeding females (threshold 7,500)

ABERDEEN ANGUS

Aberdeen Angus

 

The Aberdeen Angus, sometimes simply Angus, is a Scottish breed of small beef cattle. It derives from cattle native to the counties of Aberdeenshire and Angus in north-eastern Scotland. This breed cattle have been recorded on Scotland form 16th century. The Angus is naturally polled and solid black or red, though the udder may be white. The native colour is black, but more recently red colours have emerged.

 

 

BEEF SHORTHORN

Beef Shorthorn

 

The Beef Shorthorn breed of cattle was developed from the Shorthorn breed in England and Scotland around 1820. By the early 1970s, the Beef Shorthorn breeders were concerned their cattle were too small and lacked muscle, especially when compared with the famous beef breeds  that were starting to be introduced to the UK. To over come this issue , in 1976, the Beef Shorthorn Cattle Society sanctioned the introduction of Maine-Anjou blood into the breed. The decision to introduce Maine-Anjou blood into the Beef Shorthorn breed was very controversial at the time, but most breeders now acknowledge it was a necessary step which saved the breed from irrelevance.

 

BELTED GALLOWAY (including White Galloway)

Belted Galloway

 

The Belted Galloway is a heritage breed of beef cattle originating from Galloway cattle that originated from Galloway on the west side of southern Scotland.

Galloway cattle are naturally polled (without horns). It has long hair coat and the broad white belt that completely encircles its body, This Galloway breed also called as “Oreo cow”.

Its coarse outer coat helps shed the rain, and its soft undercoat provides insulation and waterproofing, enabling the breed to spend winter outside.

 

BRITISH FRIESIAN

British Friesian

BRITISH WHITE

British White

CHILLINGHAM

chillingham cattle

DIARY SHORTHORN

DEVON (Red Ruby Devon)

DEXTER CATTLE

GALLOWAY CATTLE

GLOUCESTER CATTLE

GUERNSEY CATTLE

Guernsey cattle

HEREFORD CATTLE

Hereford

HIGHLAND CATTLE

Highland

IRISH MOILED (Maol)

Irish Moiled/Maol

JERSEY COW

Jersey cow

LINCOLN RED

Lincoln Red

LONGHORN

english long horn

LUING

NORTHERN DAIRY SHORTHORN

Northern Dairy Shorthorn

RED POLL

SHETLAND

SUSSEX

VAYNOL

WELSH BLACK

WHITE PARK

WHITEBRED SHORTHORN

Also Read : How to Recognise Native British Cattle Breeds

Equines – number of breeding females (threshold 5,000)

• British Percheron Horse

• Cleveland Bay Horse

• Clydesdale Horse

• Dales Pony

• Dartmoor Pony

• Eriskay Pony

• Exmoor Pony

• Fell Pony

• Hackney Horse

• Hackney Pony

• Highland Pony

• New Forest Pony

• Shire Horse

• Suffolk Horse

• Welsh Mountain (Section A semi-feral6 ) Pony

 

Sheep – number of breeding females (threshold 10,000)

• Badger Face Welsh

• Balwen • Black Welsh Mountain

• Border Leicester

• Boreray

• Cambridge

• Castlemilk Moorit

• Clun Forest

• Cotswold

• Dalesbred

• Derbyshire Gritstone

• Devon and Cornwall Longwool

Devon Closewool

• Dorset Down

• Dorset Horn

• Exmoor Horn

• Epynt Hardy Speckled

• Greyface Dartmoor

• Hampshire Down

• Hebridean

• Herdwick

• Hill Radnor

• Jacob

• Kerry Hill

• Leicester Longwool

• Lincoln Longwool

• Llandovery Whiteface Hill

• Llanwenog

• Lonk

• Manx Loaghtan

• Norfolk Horn

• North Ronaldsay /Orkney

• Oxford Down

• Portland

• Romney

• Ryeland (including Coloured)

• Shetland (Mainland)

• Shetland (Island4 )

• Shropshire

• Soay

• Southdown

• Teeswater

• Welsh Hill Speckled Face

• Wensleydale

• Whiteface Dartmoor

• Whitefaced Woodland

• Wiltshire Horn

 

Goats – number of breeding females (threshold 10,000)

• Bagot • Cheviot (Feral)

• Golden Guernsey

• Saanen

• Toggenburg

 

Pigs – number of breeding females (threshold 15,000)

• Berkshire

• British Landrace (Orig1 )

• British Lop

• British Saddleback

• Gloucestershire Old Spots

• Large Black

• Large White (Orig1 )

• Middle White

• Oxford Sandy and Black

• Tamworth

• Welsh

 

Poultry – number of breeding females (threshold 25,000)

Ducks

• Abacot Ranger

• Appleyard Silver

• Aylesbury

• Black East Indian

• Campbell

• Cayuga

• Crested

• Magpie

• Muscovy

• Orpington

• Rouen (British Standard/Exhibition)

• Shetland

• Silver Bantam Duck

• Stanbridge White

• Welsh Harlequin

 

Large Fowls

• Ancona

• Andalusian

• Araucana (British)

• Australorp

• Brussbar

• Campine

• Cochin

• Cream/Crested Legbar

• Croad Langshan

• Derbyshire Redcap

• Dorking • Faverolles (British)

• Hamburgh

• Indian/Cornish Game

• Ixworth

• Legbar

• Leghorn

• Malay

• Marans (British type)

• Marsh Daisy

• Minorca

• Modern Game

• Modern Langshan

• Norfolk Grey

• North Holland Blue

• Old English Game

• Old English Pheasant Fowl

• Orpington (Buff)

• Orpington (Non Buff)

• Rhodebar

• Rumpless Game

• Scots Dumpy

• Scots Grey

• Sicilian Buttercup

• Spanish

• Sultan

• Sussex

• Welbar

 

Miniature Fowls

• Ancona

• Araucana (British)

• Australorp

• Derbyshire Redcap

• Dorking • Hamburgh

• Indian/Cornish Game

• Leghorn

• Malay

• Minorca

• Modern Game

• Old English Game

• Orpington (Buff)

• Orpington (Non Buff)

• Rumpless Game

• Scots Dumpy

• Scots Grey

• Sussex

 

True Bantam Fowls

• Burmese

• Nankin

• Rosecomb

• Sebright

 

Geese

• Brecon Buff

• Chinese

• Greyback

• Pilgrim

• Sebastopol

• Shetland

• Toulouse (British Standard/Exhibition)

• West of England

 

Turkeys

• Blue

• Bourbon Red

• British White

• Bronze (American Mammoth/Cambridge/Crimson Dawn/Standard)

• Buff

• Narragansett

• Nebraskan

• Norfolk Black

• Pied/Crӧllwitzer

• Slate/Lavender

 

Last updated: 13 June 2014

Source : assets.publishing.service.gov.uk

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